PRA Regulatory Entity
PRA stands for Prudential Regulation Authority. It works as a regulatory and supervisory authority within the Bank of England. It supervises and regulates building societies, banks, insurers, major investment firms, and credit unions.
They have their standards by which they supervise all financial institutions within each firm. Currently, the PRA regulates more than 1,500 financial institutions.
Table of contents
- Main objectives of PRA regulatory entity
- Which firms does the PRA regulate?
- How does PRA set policies & standards?
- Who are the board of directors in the PRA regulatory entity?
- Structure of the prudential regulatory authority
- Types of PRA policy publication
- Discussion paper (DP)
- Consultation paper (CP)
- Policy statement (PS)
- Supervisory Statement (SS)
- Statement of policy (SoP)
- How applications are accessed in PRA regulatory entity?
- Bottom line
Main objectives of PRA regulatory entity
The primary objectives of PRA are:
- They fully support a high level of protection for insurers and policyholders, facilitating competition among numerous firms.
- Banks play a crucial role in protecting and enhancing the stability of the UK financial system.
- There are a couple of statutory requirements as well that pertain to the threshold conditions. First, all firms must meet the threshold conditions. This includes the maintenance of liquidity and capital along with suitable management.
Which firms does the PRA regulate?
- Building Societies
- Insurer operating in the UK
- Investment Firms
- Credit Unions
How does PRA set policies & standards?
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The PRA sets its policies and standards for firms through its regulations. Firms must comply with and follow the regulations to protect themselves from future harm. The PRA will also monitor compliance with these.
With the help of regulations, PRA can identify if the firms are working following the laws or not. If any firm displays any violation in following the laws, their license will be cancelled right away.
Threshold conditions are strictly enforced against the company that is not abiding by them. These requirements are mandatory to protect the firms and policyholders. It even assesses all the possible risks the firm can face in the face of financial stability.
And hence bring out some suggestions to avoid those forthcoming risks.
Who are the board of directors in the PRA regulatory entity?
All PRA team decisions are overseen by the board of directors. Furthermore, the members include the Governor of the Bank of England, the Deputy Governor for Financial Stability, the Chief Executive Officer, and independent non-executive members. Parliament also has jurisdiction over the board.
Structure of the prudential regulatory authority
Following are the PRA Regulatory Entity that divided into three main areas:
The banking area is conducting regular supervision of the domestic and the international UK banks in which overseas and investment banks are also included.
The insurance area is accountable for supervising the life insurers and UK general. It is also seeking to ensure the protection of the policyholders at a premium level.
The area of policy is bringing a high development in the policy standards and handbook rules. It covers some of the major prudential standards for the firms. Plus, it is also responsible for implementing the basic prudential regimes for capital, liquidity, operational risk, and accounting.
PRA is currently working with the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) to fulfil its role.
Types of PRA policy publication
Various types of policy publication of PRA are:
Discussion paper (DP)
With the discussion papers, a debate can be stimulated on various issues on which certain rules are made, and expectations are set upon. Finally, discussion papers are evaluated for further formulation of policy based on the responses received.
Upon establishing a preferred position, a series of rules are drafted on which supervisory statements are arranged. Using regulations, PRA can determine whether or not the firms are in compliance with the law.
A formal consultation process is then initiated through a consultation paper.
Consultation paper (CP)
Secondly, we have consultation papers, which are formal documents on which draft proposals are arranged. Comments are invited from the general public. Generally, consultation papers deal with one discrete issue that is important. When there is more than one controversial topic, it will be handled through Occasional CPs.
Policy statement (PS)
Policy statements are comments through the feedback which is collected from consultation papers. These statements are published on the same page, which is also accompanying the consultation paper.
Supervisory Statement (SS)
With the help of supervisory statements, a flexible framework is introduced for the firms. This statement will incorporate both the existing and new expectations. They mainly focus on facilitating and supervising the firms to make sure they meet all the expectations. Additionally, they do not set any absolute requirements.
Statement of policy (SoP)
The Statement of Policy is a formal document that contains all the details about a particular matter. They do not contain any expectations that are not part of supervisory statements.
How applications are accessed in PRA regulatory entity?
In PRA, all applications are accessed by the following elements:
- Basic objectives of PA
- In favour of public interest
- Different financial resources are available for the applicant
- Internal control system and risk management
- In compliance with the legal structure of the prescribed entity
- Major prudential requirements.
This entire criterion highlights some of the major requirements necessary for obtaining PRA authorisation. It is sufficient for an organisation to register and be authorised following applicable laws.
However, the PRA may reject an application depending on the situation if the prudential grounds are not specifically stated.
The PRA expects all applicants to comply with the major prudential requirements in numerous financial sector laws. It is important to follow the requirements from beginning to end to achieve successful operations.
The PRA will not issue any license until and unless they receive the concurrence of the Financial Sector Conduct Authority. Furthermore, it is the PRA’s complete right to revoke the license of any firm or individual that is violating the regulatory laws and rules.
The PRA regulatory authority is responsible for the regulation and supervision of financial services in the UK. It has been introduced as the successor to the Financial Services Authority (FSA). All organisations and firms working in the financial market must follow a set of standards and rules.
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